“Do I have diabetes?” is a question most people ask themselves at least one time during their life. Diabetes is becoming a growing concern in the US. Statistics show that over 29 million individuals in the country have diabetes, and unfortunately, nearly 8 million don’t know that they are living with this health condition which can be extremely dangerous, if it is not managed regularly and properly. Many people often don’t feel the need to get their sugar levels checked or be concerned about this medical condition as they think that they can’t have it because it doesn’t run in their family.
Well, family history is a risk factor but not the only one. That’s right; you can be a victim of this disease even if it doesn’t run in your family. Factors like high triglycerides, high blood pressure and obesity can put you at risk to becoming diabetic.
Therefore, it is extremely important to check your blood glucose level and have a good knowledge about the signs and symptoms that indicate that you might have diabetes. And in today’s post, that is exactly what we’ll focus on.
Type 1 Diabetes—What it is?
In T1 diabetes, the immune system of the body attacks the beta cells that make insulin in pancreas. This stops the body from making insulin. Therefore, patients are required to take insulin in order to survive. Type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed in children and adults. People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin injections or use an insulin pump.
Type 2 Diabetes—What it is?
Type 2 Diabetes differs from Type 1 Diabetes. In T2, the body becomes insulin resistance and fails to use the insulin in the body efficiently or doesn’t make insulin adequately to keep the glucose level in the normal and safe range. People with Type 2 diabetes can control their blood sugar with diet and exercise. Some people with Type 2 diabetes will eventually need to take insulin.
Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. I typically starts around 20 weeks gestation, but can start earlier if you have a history of gestational diabetes. Mothers who develop gestational diabetes will need to monitor glucose levels during pregnancy and may need to take insulin.
Warning Signs of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Though both conditions Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are different, there are some signs that are common between the two, these are
- Feel hungry and thirsty
- Frequent urination
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision
- Bedwetting among children
Other Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms
- Unexplained weight loss— this is because the body fails to get energy from the food so it starts to burn muscle & fat to get energy.
- Vomiting or nausea—when the body burns fat, it makes ketones. Ketones can often make you feel sick to the stomach and can also lead to condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis.
Other Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
- Slow healing of cuts, sores and scrapes—it’s because of high blood sugar which affects the blood flow and damages the nerve making it harder for the body to heal the wounds.
- Tingling and numbness in the feet—This also indicates nerve damage
- Yeast infection in women—as yeast thrives on glucose, high level of sugar in the urine can become a breeding-ground for this bacteria.
Gestational Diabetes Symptoms
- Currently pregnant and past 20 weeks gestation and have any of the signs listed for Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes may have no symptoms. You should always be tested around 20 weeks gestation.
Blood Glucose Level—Normal Range
The target range for people with normal fasting blood glucose is 70-100 mg/dL or (3.9-5.6 mmol/L). The ADA recommends fasting plasma glucose-level of 70–130 mg/dL (3.9-7.2 mmol/L) before all meals; and less than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L) after all meals.
Check Your Glucose Level Now and at Your Home
If you happen to experience some of these signs and get to wondering “Do I have Diabetes?” then you should get your glucose levels checked. Get disposable testing strips now and check your glucose at home. Order glucose test strips from Glucomart today, and we’ll have them delivered to your doorstep quickly.
Do I have Diabetes?
If you answer yes to any of the following questions, it is a good idea to test your blood sugar.
- Do I have signs and symptoms of diabetes?
- Am I over 60 years old?
- Am I pregnant and past 20 weeks gestation?
- Have members of my family been diagnosed with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes at the age I am now?
If you answered yes to any of the “Do I have Diabetes?” questions you should test your glucose levels. Glucomart sells many inexpensive brands of test strips that can be used to test blood sugar levels.
How do I test my glucose levels to determine if I have diabetes?
- Test your glucose levels after fasting for 8 hours.
- 70 – 100 mg/dL (normal
- 101-126 mg/dL (prediabetes)
- greater than 126 mg/dL (diabetes)
- Test 2 hours after a meal
- 70 – 140 mg/dL (normal)
- 141 – 180 mg/dL (prediabetes)
- greater than 180 (diabetes)
- We do not recommend random testing as some foods can cause spikes between up to 280 mg/dL in non-diabetic individuals.